Lateral Tester Exercise V: FizzBuzz Rikard Edgren

I am always at the lookout for new testing exercises, since I teach a lot. Today I found a programming exercise at that I thought could be turned into something for testers. Since it doesn’t fit any of my current teaching schemes, I blog about it instead of putting it in the closet.


This program is an exercise for software testers. As input it takes an integer between 1 and 1000, and repeats it as output. But if the number is a multiple of three, it should print “Fizz” instead of the number and for the multiples of five print “Buzz”. For numbers which are multiples of both three and five it should give “FizzBuzz” as output.

Test as much as you want, and answer these questions:

1. What would be a good test strategy?

2. What is your test coverage?

3. What are the results from your testing?

4. If you would use this exercise as a teacher, what would you talk about in the debrief?


Ruby file: FizzBuzz.rb

Executable (Windows): FizzBuzz.exe

Phil Kirkham January 20th, 2014

To add to the list of testing questions you could ask for this exercise:

Is this a good test for finding a good developer? How would you know?

Rikard Edgren January 20th, 2014

As a testing exercise, I don’t think I would add that question.
It is interesting, but I’m not sure testers should be involved in those judgments.

But thanks for a 5th question:
Is this exercise good for finding good testers? How would you know?

Phil Kirkham January 20th, 2014

If a tester was to ask “what is the point of this exercise?” rather than just diving in and trying to find bugs then they would get a +1 from me.

As a test exercise – not that valuable, really simple to automate and test all values

Otherwise, it’s the same sort of thing as the triangle test or ParkCalc, the most interesting part of the exercise is what questions a tester would ask ( or not )

Rikard Edgren January 20th, 2014

The automation would be one of the main points for me in a debrief, but I would also be interested in how they did it, and what test coverage it gives (e.g. what does “all” in “test all values” mean?)

I agree with the questions being very important, so here is the answer to yours:

What is the point of this exercise?
The point of the exercise is to practice testing skills like asking questions, acting on answers, test strategy, modeling, test design, test execution, result interpretation, test reporting.

srinivas kadiyala (S.K.C) January 22nd, 2014

I think this would be a good example, like knowing the requirement of what it does and what can be the scenarios can be written for it . And how many test values can be entered. – If the test is to take for 10 mins and write down the test values (This would be interesting)

Johan Hoberg January 22nd, 2014

I think it could be an interesting exercise. I have seen it before somewhere, but can’t really remember where.

There are so many aspects you could talk about, as you have pointed out in the comments already, with regards to strategy, design, interpretation, reporting and so on.

Limiting yourself to automating valid (1-1000) and some invalid (0, 1001, b, null, 10204343433434, whatever) inputs misses a lot of interesting questions outside of the functionality aspect. Performance, usability, reliability, etc. can all be interesting topics to discuss.

Good find.


Rikard Edgren January 22nd, 2014

Srinivas; not sure if you actually mean that it mainly should be a “writing” exercise, i.e. more thoeretical about values to enter.
I would prefer that it is hands-on, that you actually use the values, and observe results (having a physical aspect makes you learn more, in y experience.

If someone did that in an exercise for me, I would ask them if they are not too focused on the functionality and the explicit requirements.

Rikard Edgren January 22nd, 2014

Johan; it seems to be a pretty well known programming exercise, and also a kids game (even though I hadn’t heard of it before.)
If you find it as a testing exercise, I am interested to hear more!

Only doing funcional testing would, as you suggest, be another main point in a debrief (or during the exercise if appropriate.)
But it would not only be interesting to “discuss” performance, usability, reliability etc; I would like to see which ones you find interesting and what aspects of them are relevant for this software (this should be in the test strategy.) I would like to see which tests you designed and executed, what the results were and how you report them.

[…] Exercise: Lateral Exercise V: FizzBuzz – Rikard Edgren – […]

Rikard Edgren January 30th, 2014

I realize the original exercise might seem boring, because of the simple functionality. So I think the instructions should be explicit about broader perspectives, e.g. by stating:

The functionality is so straightforward so you will have time to investigate other things as well.
Your testing mission is to find any threats to this being a useful exercise for testers around the world.

If you give the exercise a go, feel free to send me a mail (maybe available at About page?) with questions or results.

Kees Blokland February 12th, 2014

Sorry for this late reply…
Just to share my thoughts about black box testing being kind of week on testing a formula.

As a tester I would probably do the following things:
– ask for or decide on some range: each system has limitations
– validate the system black box with valid and invalid classes, to see the system’s ability to input and output stuff (and doing that functionally correct)
– test and/or inspect the code to find out: if it works for one value, what is the risk of failing on other values? (in other words: how is the formula/algorithm implemented)

Automating black box test to check the validity of a formula within all values of a certain domain feels somewhat silly to be honest. But if you have no access to the code: better than nothing.

And I agree, the testing program itself is less important than the discussion about the testing strategy.

Rikard Edgren February 21st, 2014

Hi Kees

Thanks for good suggestions.
No replies are too late, I sometimes comment on my own posts a year later…

Actually, the code is available, so there are opportunities to use it.
When I did the exercise myself, I did 2 solutions for all valid values, one outside/black-box and one inside/unit tests; both with their pros and cons.
For error handling, I prefer to put focus on the end user product (due to the actual implementation in this case.)

But the calculation is one thing, what are the test strategies for other quality characteristics, which are relevant, and why?